Augustus John (1878 - 1961)

Painter mainly in oil. draughtsman and printmaker. Born in Tenhy, Wales, brother of the artist Gwen John, he attended the Slade School of Fine Art, 1894-8, winning a Scholarship in 1896 and the Summer Composition Prize two years later. John's prodigious natural ability as a draughtsman won the admiration of Henry Tonks, and lie soon established himself as a star student and an art world character. Became professor of painting at Liverpool University art school, 1901-4. John started an association with gypsies, learning their language and painting them. Began his wide travels in Britain and on the continent, sometimes travelling by caravan. Over several years painted with J D Innes and Derwent Lees. Started to exhibit widely, having his first one-marl show at the Carfax Gallery in 1903. Also showed at the Chenil Galleries, NEAC, Alpine Gallery, Independent Club, RA and elsewhere over the coming years, where he became noted for drawings and paintings of his second wife, Dorelia, his children, his sister Gwen, personalities such as George Bernard Shaw, T E Lawrence, W B Yeats and Dylan Thomas, and for his landscapes and romantic scenes of peasant life. Although sometimes out of fashion, John is assured a place as one of the great figures of British painting in his lifetime. His work is in many galleries, including the Tate Gallery and National Portrait Gallery. Elected RA 1928, resigned 1938, re-elected 1940. Awarded Order of Merit 1942. Autobio¬graphical reminiscences Chiaroscuro were published in 1952, Finishing Y'oaches, 1964. Retrospectives included one at National Portrait Gallery, 1975, National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, and tour, 1996, and Olympia Fine Art and Antiques Fair, 1999. In 2004--5 Tate Britain held the first large-scale exhibition to focus on Augustus and Gwen (1876-1939). Notable among Augustus's many children were Admiral of the Fleet Sir Caspar John (by his first wife, Ida); the painters Edwin John (by his first wife, Ida), Gwyneth Johnstone (by Nora Brownsword, a model) and Vivien John (by Dorelia); and the cellist Amaryllis Fleming (by Eve Fleming, a rich society hostess widow whose sons included Peter Fleming, writer and explorer, and Ian, the writer and creator of James Bond). John lived at Fording¬bridge, Hampshire.

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